UUttarakhand, earlier Uttaranchal, is a state in the northern part of India. It is sometimes called the “Land of theGods” Devbhoomi Uttarakhand (Hindi: ???????) as a result of many holy Hindu temples and pilgrimage centres found throughout the state. Devbhoomi Uttarakhand is renowned for its natural beauty of the| Himalayas, the Bhabhar and also the Terai. On 9 November 2000, this 27th state of the Republic of India was carved out of the Himalayan and adjoining northwestern districts of Uttar Pradesh. It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region on the north; the Mahakali Zone of the Far-Western Region, Nepal on the east; and the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the south and Himachal Pradesh to the northwest. The state is split into two divisions, Garhwal and Kumaon, using a total of 13 districts. The provisional capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradun, the greatest city in the region, that is a railhead. The high court of the state is in Nainital.
Archaeological evidence support the existence of humans in the area since prehistoric times. Among the first major dynasties of Garhwal and Kumaon were the Kunindas in the 2nd century BCE who practised an earlier form of Shaivism. Ashokan edicts at Kalsi show the first presence of Buddhism in this region. Through the medieval period the region was consolidated underneath the Kumaon and Garhwal kingdom. By 1803 the area fell to the Gurkha Empire of Nepal along with the conclusion from the Anglo-Nepalese War in 1816 most of modern Uttarakhand was ceded for the British within the Treaty of Sugauli. Although the erstwhile hill kingdoms of pilgrimage tour were traditional rivals, the proximity of numerous neighbouring ethnic groups as well as the inseparable and complementary nature of their geography, economy, culture, language, and traditions created strong bonds in between the two regions which further strengthened through the movement for statehood in the 1990s.
The natives in the state are usually called either Garhwali or Kumaoni according to their place of origin. Based on the 2011 census of India, Uttarakhand has a population of 10,116,752, which makes it the 19th most populous state in India. A large area of the population includes Rajputs and Brahmins. A lot more than 88% in the population follow Hinduism. Muslims are the largest minority within the state with Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, and Jains being one other major religions. Garhwali and Kumaoni along with other hilly dialects and sub-dialects are the main regional languages, whereas Hindi is easily the most widely spoken language. Uttarakhand is the only state in India with Sanskrit among its official languages.
Two of the most basic rivers in Hinduism originate in the region, the Ganga at Gangotri as well as the Yamuna at Yamunotri. Those two together with Badrinath and Kedarnath form the Chota Char Dham, a holy pilgrimage for your Hindus. The state hosts the Bengal tiger in Jim Corbett National Park, the oldest national park of the Indian subcontinent. The optskj of Flowers, a Unesco World Heritage Site located in the upper expanses of Bhyundar Ganga near Joshimath in Gharwal region, is recognized for the variety and rarity of the flowers and plants.
Each district is governed by way of a district commissioner or district magistrate. The districts are further split into sub-divisions, which can be governed by sub-divisional magistrates; sub-divisions comprise blocks containing panchayats (village councils) and town municipalities. Based on the 2011 census, Haridwar, Dehradun, and Udham Singh Nagar are definitely the most populous districts, all of them using a population of more than one million.
Devbhimu Uttarakhand has special reason to rejoice and celebrate since this land has, since olden days, been the land of Gods and sages. The land where the excellent arts of life like yoga and meditation emanated from. It really has been the place to find legendary sages like Ved Vyas and Rabhya Rishi.
This land from the gods has several sites that link it towards the Ramayana and also the Mahabharata. The excellent Dronacharya meditated on the banks of the Tonnes river inside the Doon valley while the tenth Sikh Guru, Gobind Singh, meditated at Hemkund lake which finds mention in “Bachitra Natak”, the autobiography of Guru Gobind Singh. Hemkund can also be thought to be lokpal, a location existing through the times during the Ramayana. It is known that lokpal was where lakshman sat on meditation. lokpal has become related to lakshman, to be his favorite place. There are numerous stories about lakshman and his attachment using this place. It is also believed that lakshman meditated from this lake and regained health after being wounded by Meghnad, son of Ravana. Even Ganga, which was part of our country’s history, religion and culture since times immemorial, reflects a maturity, serenity and calmness because it flows through Rishikesh and Hardwar. The mighty river itself seems to be in deep meditation in these two sacred cities